FBref.com Logo Chris Smalling Scouting Report

FBref.com Logo Chris Smalling Scouting Report Table
Statistic Per 90 Percentile
Non-Penalty Goals0.14
96
 
npxG0.07
79
 
Shots Total0.62
73
 
Assists0.00
29
 
xA0.01
29
 
npxG+xA0.08
67
 
Shot-Creating Actions0.35
21
 
Passes Attempted40.81
15
 
Pass Completion %90.0%
81
 
Progressive Passes1.25
7
 
Progressive Carries1.04
9
 
Dribbles Completed0.07
14
 
Touches (Att Pen)0.90
59
 
Progressive Passes Rec0.21
64
 
Pressures8.52
42
 
Tackles1.52
54
 
Interceptions1.87
54
 
Blocks1.87
72
 
Clearances4.99
54
 
Aerials won2.63
50
 

Standard Stats: Domestic Leagues

Standard Stats: Domestic Leagues Table
Playing Time Performance Per 90 Minutes Expected Per 90 Minutes
Season Age Squad Country Comp LgRank MP Starts Min 90s Gls Ast G-PK PK PKatt CrdY CrdR Gls Ast G+A G-PK G+A-PK xG npxG xA npxG+xA xG xA xG+xA npxG npxG+xA Matches
2008-200918Fulhameng ENG1. Premier League7th10140.2000000.000.00Matches
2009-201019Fulhameng ENG1. Premier League12th1298729.700000000.000.000.000.000.00Matches
2010-201120Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League1st16111,08612.100000000.000.000.000.000.00Matches
2011-201221Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League2nd19141,29714.410100100.070.000.070.070.07Matches
2012-201322Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League1st15101,02011.300000100.000.000.000.000.00Matches
2013-201423Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League7th25211,93921.510100200.050.000.050.050.05Matches
2014-201524Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League4th25211,87920.940400210.190.000.190.190.19Matches
2015-201625Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League5th35353,15035.001000800.000.030.030.000.03Matches
2016-201726Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League6th18131,21713.510100000.070.000.070.070.07Matches
2017-201827Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League2nd29282,53628.240400400.140.000.140.140.142.62.60.43.00.090.010.110.090.11Matches
2018-201928Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League6th24242,12723.610100100.040.000.040.040.040.90.90.41.30.040.020.060.040.06Matches
2019-202029Romait ITA1. Serie A5th30292,56628.532300300.110.070.180.110.181.91.91.23.10.070.040.110.070.11Matches
2020-202130Romait ITA1. Serie A7th16131,11112.301000300.000.080.080.000.080.40.40.50.90.030.040.070.030.07Matches
2021-202231Romait ITA1. Serie A6th141092110.220200000.200.000.200.200.200.90.90.10.90.080.010.090.080.09Matches
14 Seasons3 Clubs2 Leagues27923821,735241.517417002510.070.020.090.070.096.66.62.69.20.060.030.090.060.09
Country Comp LgRank MP Starts Min 90s Gls Ast G-PK PK PKatt CrdY CrdR Gls Ast G+A G-PK G+A-PK xG npxG xA npxG+xA xG xA xG+xA npxG npxG+xA Matches
Manchester Utd (9 Seasons)1 League20617716,251180.612112001910.070.010.070.070.073.53.50.84.30.070.020.080.070.08
Roma (3 Seasons)1 League60524,59851.153500600.100.060.160.100.163.13.11.84.90.060.030.100.060.10
Fulham (2 Seasons)1 League1398869.800000000.000.000.000.000.00
Premier League (11 Seasons)21918617,137190.412112001910.060.010.070.060.073.53.50.84.30.070.020.080.070.08
Serie A (3 Seasons)60524,59851.153500600.100.060.160.100.163.13.11.84.90.060.030.100.060.10

Shooting: Domestic Leagues

Shooting: Domestic Leagues Table
Standard Expected
Season Age Squad Country Comp LgRank 90s Gls Sh SoT SoT% Sh/90 SoT/90 G/Sh G/SoT Dist FK PK PKatt xG npxG npxG/Sh G-xG np:G-xG Matches
2008-200918Fulhameng ENG1. Premier League7th0.200Matches
2009-201019Fulhameng ENG1. Premier League12th9.7010.100.0000Matches
2010-201120Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League1st12.1020.170.0000Matches
2011-201221Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League2nd14.4110.071.0000Matches
2012-201322Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League1st11.3010.090.0000Matches
2013-201423Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League7th21.5140.190.2500Matches
2014-201524Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League4th20.9460.290.6700Matches
2015-201625Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League5th35.0020.060.0000Matches
2016-201726Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League6th13.517114.30.520.070.141.0000Matches
2017-201827Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League2nd28.2413646.20.460.210.310.677.50002.62.60.20+1.4+1.4Matches
2018-201928Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League6th23.6111327.30.470.130.090.338.10000.90.90.08+0.1+0.1Matches
2019-202029Romait ITA1. Serie A5th28.5319526.30.670.180.160.608.30001.91.90.10+1.1+1.1Matches
2020-202130Romait ITA1. Serie A7th12.307114.30.570.080.000.008.70000.40.40.05-0.4-0.4Matches
2021-202231Romait ITA1. Serie A6th10.225240.00.490.200.401.006.20000.90.90.17+1.1+1.1Matches
14 Seasons3 Clubs2 Leagues241.517623529.00.530.150.180.497.90006.66.60.12+3.4+3.4
Country Comp LgRank 90s Gls Sh SoT SoT% Sh/90 SoT/90 G/Sh G/SoT Dist FK PK PKatt xG npxG npxG/Sh G-xG np:G-xG Matches
Manchester Utd (9 Seasons)1 League180.612312632.30.470.140.190.467.70003.53.50.14+1.5+1.5
Roma (3 Seasons)1 League51.1531825.80.610.160.160.638.10003.13.10.10+1.9+1.9
Fulham (2 Seasons)1 League9.8010.100.0000
Premier League (11 Seasons)190.412312732.30.470.140.190.447.70003.53.50.14+1.5+1.5
Serie A (3 Seasons)51.1531825.80.610.160.160.638.10003.13.10.10+1.9+1.9

Passing: Domestic Leagues

Passing: Domestic Leagues Table
Total Short Medium Long
Season Age Squad Country Comp LgRank 90s Cmp Att Cmp% TotDist PrgDist Cmp Att Cmp% Cmp Att Cmp% Cmp Att Cmp% Ast xA A-xA KP 1/3 PPA CrsPA Prog Matches
2008-200918Fulhameng ENG1. Premier League7th0.2Matches
2009-201019Fulhameng ENG1. Premier League12th9.70Matches
2010-201120Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League1st12.10Matches
2011-201221Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League2nd14.40Matches
2012-201322Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League1st11.30Matches
2013-201423Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League7th21.50Matches
2014-201524Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League4th20.90Matches
2015-201625Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League5th35.01Matches
2016-201726Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League6th13.50Matches
2017-201827Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League2nd28.21026113490.521702492229331692.754257694.117821483.200.4-0.43181025Matches
2018-201928Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League6th23.679490987.316890408321624289.343146692.513918774.300.4-0.43261033Matches
2019-202029Romait ITA1. Serie A5th28.51306144090.727281740636140190.074278195.019423781.921.2+0.810642055Matches
2020-202130Romait ITA1. Serie A7th12.361366492.313151327514815794.336337596.89612378.010.5+0.52190012Matches
2021-202231Romait ITA1. Serie A6th10.233837789.778701839586687.920922493.3708285.400.1-0.11100010Matches
14 Seasons3 Clubs2 Leagues241.54077452490.186894215251076118291.02287242294.467784380.342.6+0.41913740135
Country Comp LgRank 90s Cmp Att Cmp% TotDist PrgDist Cmp Att Cmp% Cmp Att Cmp% Cmp Att Cmp% Ast xA A-xA KP 1/3 PPA CrsPA Prog Matches
Manchester Utd (9 Seasons)1 League180.61820204389.138592900550955891.2973104293.431740179.110.8-0.86442058
Roma (3 Seasons)1 League51.12257248191.0483021252056762490.91314138095.236044281.431.8+1.213932077
Fulham (2 Seasons)1 League9.80
Premier League (11 Seasons)190.41820204389.138592900550955891.2973104293.431740179.110.8-0.86442058
Serie A (3 Seasons)51.12257248191.0483021252056762490.91314138095.236044281.431.8+1.213932077

Pass Types: Domestic Leagues

Pass Types: Domestic Leagues Table
Pass Types Corner Kicks Height Body Parts Outcomes
Season Age Squad Country Comp LgRank 90s Att Live Dead FK TB Press Sw Crs CK In Out Str Ground Low High Left Right Head TI Other Cmp Off Out Int Blocks Matches
2008-200918Fulhameng ENG1. Premier League7th0.2Matches
2009-201019Fulhameng ENG1. Premier League12th9.7Matches
2010-201120Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League1st12.1Matches
2011-201221Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League2nd14.4Matches
2012-201322Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League1st11.3Matches
2013-201423Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League7th21.5Matches
2014-201524Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League4th20.9Matches
2015-201625Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League5th35.0Matches
2016-201726Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League6th13.50Matches
2017-201827Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League2nd28.211341117171411521400000886122126789056131102606913Matches
2018-201928Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League6th23.690988227221120202000065810914255717795679411275Matches
2019-202029Romait ITA1. Serie A5th28.51440139842390149286000011291551561821114913713062161110Matches
2020-202130Romait ITA1. Serie A7th12.36646412320044130000053159744556139116130533Matches
2021-202231Romait ITA1. Serie A6th10.237736710703070000029435485127431303380732Matches
14 Seasons3 Clubs2 Leagues241.5452444051191022495828000034984805464113571301151540773463333
Country Comp LgRank 90s Att Live Dead FK TB Press Sw Crs CK In Out Str Ground Low High Left Right Head TI Other Cmp Off Out Int Blocks Matches
Manchester Utd (9 Seasons)1 League180.620431999443622723420000154423126813316221408718201181618
Roma (3 Seasons)1 League51.124812406756602234860000195424927827819491617822572281715
Fulham (2 Seasons)1 League9.8
Premier League (11 Seasons)190.420431999443622723420000154423126813316221408718201181618
Serie A (3 Seasons)51.124812406756602234860000195424927827819491617822572281715

Goal and Shot Creation: Domestic Leagues

Goal and Shot Creation: Domestic Leagues Table
SCA SCA Types GCA GCA Types
Season Age Squad Country Comp LgRank 90s SCA SCA90 PassLive PassDead Drib Sh Fld Def GCA GCA90 PassLive PassDead Drib Sh Fld Def Matches
2008-200918Fulhameng ENG1. Premier League7th0.2Matches
2009-201019Fulhameng ENG1. Premier League12th9.7Matches
2010-201120Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League1st12.1Matches
2011-201221Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League2nd14.4Matches
2012-201322Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League1st11.3Matches
2013-201423Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League7th21.5Matches
2014-201524Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League4th20.9Matches
2015-201625Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League5th35.0Matches
2016-201726Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League6th13.5Matches
2017-201827Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League2nd28.280.2880000000.00000000Matches
2018-201928Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League6th23.690.3890000020.08200000Matches
2019-202029Romait ITA1. Serie A5th28.5240.84220011040.14300100Matches
2020-202130Romait ITA1. Serie A7th12.350.4140000110.08100000Matches
2021-202231Romait ITA1. Serie A6th10.240.3920020000.00000000Matches
14 Seasons3 Clubs2 Leagues241.5500.49450031170.07600100
Country Comp LgRank 90s SCA SCA90 PassLive PassDead Drib Sh Fld Def GCA GCA90 PassLive PassDead Drib Sh Fld Def Matches
Manchester Utd (9 Seasons)1 League180.6170.33170000020.04200000
Roma (3 Seasons)1 League51.1330.65280031150.10400100
Fulham (2 Seasons)1 League9.8
Premier League (11 Seasons)190.4170.33170000020.04200000
Serie A (3 Seasons)51.1330.65280031150.10400100

Defensive Actions: Domestic Leagues

Defensive Actions: Domestic Leagues Table
Tackles Vs Dribbles Pressures Blocks
Season Age Squad Country Comp LgRank 90s Tkl TklW Def 3rd Mid 3rd Att 3rd Tkl Att Tkl% Past Press Succ % Def 3rd Mid 3rd Att 3rd Blocks Sh ShSv Pass Int Tkl+Int Clr Err Matches
2008-200918Fulhameng ENG1. Premier League7th0.2Matches
2009-201019Fulhameng ENG1. Premier League12th9.7Matches
2010-201120Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League1st12.1Matches
2011-201221Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League2nd14.4Matches
2012-201322Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League1st11.3Matches
2013-201423Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League7th21.5Matches
2014-201524Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League4th20.9Matches
2015-201625Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League5th35.0Matches
2016-201726Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League6th13.51013Matches
2017-201827Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League2nd28.2432927160122548.0132719334.31739355129022571001781Matches
2018-201928Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League6th23.62917217181942.1111796134.1113633532902426551621Matches
2019-202029Romait ITA1. Serie A5th28.536232213191275.031876233.21037410603922123591663Matches
2020-202130Romait ITA1. Serie A7th12.311764151241.771103733.65650421100112233641Matches
2021-202231Romait ITA1. Serie A6th10.2161014203742.94793949.4641322112091733421Matches
14 Seasons3 Clubs2 Leagues241.51359690423377549.33882629235.4509293242061192871582806127
Country Comp LgRank 90s Tkl TklW Def 3rd Mid 3rd Att 3rd Tkl Att Tkl% Past Press Succ % Def 3rd Mid 3rd Att 3rd Blocks Sh ShSv Pass Int Tkl+Int Clr Err Matches
Manchester Utd (9 Seasons)1 League180.6725648231204445.52445015434.2286156810458046961553402
Roma (3 Seasons)1 League51.1634042192173154.81437613836.72231371610261241621252725
Fulham (2 Seasons)1 League9.80
Premier League (11 Seasons)190.4725648231204445.52445015434.2286156810458046961553402
Serie A (3 Seasons)51.1634042192173154.81437613836.72231371610261241621252725

Possession: Domestic Leagues

Possession: Domestic Leagues Table
Touches Dribbles Carries Receiving
Season Age Squad Country Comp LgRank 90s Touches Def Pen Def 3rd Mid 3rd Att 3rd Att Pen Live Succ Att Succ% #Pl Megs Carries TotDist PrgDist Prog 1/3 CPA Mis Dis Targ Rec Rec% Prog Matches
2008-200918Fulhameng ENG1. Premier League7th0.2Matches
2009-201019Fulhameng ENG1. Premier League12th9.7Matches
2010-201120Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League1st12.1Matches
2011-201221Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League2nd14.4Matches
2012-201322Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League1st11.3Matches
2013-201423Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League7th21.5Matches
2014-201524Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League4th20.9Matches
2015-201625Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League5th35.0Matches
2016-201726Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League6th13.5Matches
2017-201827Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League2nd28.21475188835663522414592366.7207903975177923407285883697.410Matches
2018-201928Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League6th23.61195165652559412911681250.0106353152151235303569667396.721Matches
2019-202029Romait ITA1. Serie A5th28.51748237848914814817087977.87210715359254659101531150112297.630Matches
2020-202130Romait ITA1. Serie A7th12.3792111433375251477044100.040475231796015205253352698.71Matches
2021-202231Romait ITA1. Serie A6th10.247684289191139468000027112584919100028527897.52Matches
14 Seasons3 Clubs2 Leagues241.55686785305727022121245573141877.8142324216061728814120120123522343597.564
Country Comp LgRank 90s Touches Def Pen Def 3rd Mid 3rd Att 3rd Att Pen Live Succ Att Succ% #Pl Megs Carries TotDist PrgDist Prog 1/3 CPA Mis Dis Targ Rec Rec% Prog Matches
Manchester Utd (9 Seasons)1 League180.6267035314871222935326273560.03014257127329158701071554150997.131
Roma (3 Seasons)1 League51.1301643215701480119712946111384.6112181789343997831311051968192697.933
Fulham (2 Seasons)1 League9.8
Premier League (11 Seasons)190.4267035314871222935326273560.03014257127329158701071554150997.131
Serie A (3 Seasons)51.1301643215701480119712946111384.6112181789343997831311051968192697.933

Playing Time: Domestic Leagues

Playing Time: Domestic Leagues Table
Playing Time Starts Subs Team Success Team Success (xG)
Season Age Squad Country Comp LgRank MP Min Mn/MP Min% 90s Starts Mn/Start Compl Subs Mn/Sub unSub PPM onG onGA +/- +/-90 On-Off onxG onxGA xG+/- xG+/-90 On-Off Matches
2008-200918Fulhameng ENG1. Premier League7th114140.201Matches
2009-201019Fulhameng ENG1. Premier League12th12872739.7993Matches
2010-201120Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League1st161,0866812.111115Matches
2011-201221Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League2nd191,2976814.414135Matches
2012-201322Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League1st151,0206811.31095Matches
2013-201423Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League7th251,9397821.521194Matches
2014-201524Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League4th251,8797554.920.92117451.603123+8+0.38-0.61Matches
2015-201625Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League5th353,1509092.135.03535001.714431+13+0.37+0.04Matches
2016-201726Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League6th181,2176835.613.51312541.781716+1+0.07-0.91Matches
2017-201827Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League2nd292,5368774.228.22828162.074624+22+0.78-1.0540.033.8+6.2+0.22-1.07Matches
2018-201928Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League6th242,1278962.223.6248923041.583536-1-0.04-0.8834.530.3+4.2+0.18-0.31Matches
2019-202029Romait ITA1. Serie A5th302,5668675.028.529882811711.675438+16+0.56-0.4952.136.8+15.4+0.54-0.40Matches
2020-202130Romait ITA1. Serie A7th161,1116932.512.313811131702.132320+3+0.24-0.0323.813.6+10.1+0.82+0.54Matches
2021-202231Romait ITA1. Serie A6th149216644.510.21087841211.571915+4+0.39-0.0814.312.2+2.1+0.21-0.59Matches
14 Seasons3 Clubs2 Leagues27921,7357859.6241.5238872234115211.76269203+66+0.38-0.43164.7126.7+38.1+0.37-0.27
Country Comp LgRank MP Min Mn/MP Min% 90s Starts Mn/Start Compl Subs Mn/Sub unSub PPM onG onGA +/- +/-90 On-Off onxG onxGA xG+/- xG+/-90 On-Off Matches
Manchester Utd (9 Seasons)1 League20616,2517963.8180.61778916729191.75173130+43+0.35-0.6974.564.1+10.5+0.20-0.61
Roma (3 Seasons)1 League604,5987751.651.152864781521.779673+23+0.45-0.0390.262.6+27.6+0.54-0.01
Fulham (2 Seasons)1 League13886689.8994
Premier League (11 Seasons)21917,1377863.8190.41868917633191.75173130+43+0.35-0.6974.564.1+10.5+0.20-0.61
Serie A (3 Seasons)604,5987751.651.152864781521.779673+23+0.45-0.0390.262.6+27.6+0.54-0.01

Miscellaneous Stats: Domestic Leagues

Miscellaneous Stats: Domestic Leagues Table
Performance Aerial Duels
Season Age Squad Country Comp LgRank 90s CrdY CrdR 2CrdY Fls Fld Off Crs Int TklW PKwon PKcon OG Recov Won Lost Won% Matches
2008-200918Fulhameng ENG1. Premier League7th0.20000Matches
2009-201019Fulhameng ENG1. Premier League12th9.7007Matches
2010-201120Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League1st12.10011Matches
2011-201221Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League2nd14.41021Matches
2012-201322Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League1st11.3106Matches
2013-201423Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League7th21.52019Matches
2014-201524Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League4th20.92124Matches
2015-201625Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League5th35.08047Matches
2016-201726Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League6th13.500088101310000Matches
2017-201827Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League2nd28.240026143057290002471505075.0Matches
2018-201928Manchester Utdeng ENG1. Premier League6th23.610025102226170112111033773.6Matches
2019-202029Romait ITA1. Serie A5th28.53003710162323030287913373.4Matches
2020-202130Romait ITA1. Serie A7th12.330017610227000113321469.6Matches
2021-202231Romait ITA1. Serie A6th10.20001500171000077271367.5Matches
14 Seasons3 Clubs2 Leagues241.5251024953881589604193540314773.3
Country Comp LgRank 90s CrdY CrdR 2CrdY Fls Fld Off Crs Int TklW PKwon PKcon OG Recov Won Lost Won% Matches
Manchester Utd (9 Seasons)1 League180.61910187326296560114582538774.4
Roma (3 Seasons)1 League51.160055212662400304771506071.4
Fulham (2 Seasons)1 League9.800070
Premier League (11 Seasons)190.41910194326296560114582538774.4
Serie A (3 Seasons)51.160055212662400304771506071.4

Player Club Summary

Leaderboard Appearances, Awards, and Honors

Additional Resources

About FBref.com

FBref.com launched (June 13, 2018) with domestic league coverage for England, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and United States. Since then we have been steadily expanding our coverage to include domestic leagues from over 40 countries as well as domestic cup, super cup and youth leagues from top European countries. We have also added coverage for major international cups such as the UEFA Champions League and Copa Libertadores.

FBref includes what we believe is one of the most complete sources for women's soccer data on the internet. This includes the entire history of the FIFA Women's World Cup as well as recent domestic league seasons from nine countries.

In collaboration with StatsBomb, we are including advanced analytical data such as xG and xA for select competitions. For more information on the expected goals model and which competitions are covered, see our xG explainer.

Note that player records are likely not complete for their careers. Players may come from or move to leagues we don't currently cover. This issue will go down over time, as we add new leagues and seasons. We will never in the future have less data than we do today. FBref is currently ad-free. The only payment we will ask for is that you let us know if you find an issue, so we can get better and better.

You can sign up to receive an e-mail when new countries and features launch.

For more information, see our Launch Blog Post, the overall leagues/competition page with details on leagues and seasons we include, or our About Page. Let us know if you find an issue or have a suggestion.

FBref is one of seven Sports-Reference.com sites.